The impressive ruins of Salamis are found just north of the city of Famagusta on Cyprus’ eastern coast. Salamis was the capital of Cyprus as far back as 1100 BC and was occupied by Assyrians, Egyptians, Persians, and Romans before being destroyed by nature. The location covers roughly 1 square mile in length and breadth and runs for about 3 miles along the seafront. It is thought that there were once as many as 30,000 people living in Salamis, which was one of the largest cities in the Mediterranean at that time.
One of the most fascinating aspects of Salamis is its huge amphitheatre, which could seat up to 15,000 spectators. This would have been used for performances, sports events and public executions. There is also a large gymnasium and a bath complex, which would have been used for exercise and relaxation.
The city was destroyed by an earthquake in 76 AD, and although it was partially rebuilt, it never regained its former glory.